English Grammar Refresh – Ch.5 Word Choice and Word Order (Twice/Double, Earliest/Soonest, Percent/Percentage, Before/Ago, Around/Round, Near/nearly/nearby)
Chapter 5. Word Choice and Word Order
Hackers TOEFL Grammer – P.284
Chapter 5. 구성
- 단어선택 A
- 단어선택 B
- Other와 관련된 표현
- Enough의 어순
Twice vs. Double
1) Twice: 부사. “두 배”
He won a man who was twice his age.
2) Double: 형용사->“두 배의”, 동사-> “두 배로 하다”
You had to charge for a double room. 두 배의, 형용사
They can’t just double the rent in this year. 두 배로 하다, 동사
Earliest vs. Soonest
1) Earliest : “시기적으로 가장 빠른”의 의미, “가장 먼저”의 의미
Aborigines have settled in Australia from the earliest time.
I need the earliest records we do have.
The earliest I can have them ready is 4pm tomorrow.
I’d like to have an interview with you at your earliest convenience.
2) Soonest: “곧, 빨리, 즉시”의 의미, “지금이라는 시점에서부터 가장 짧은 시간안에”의 의미
The doctor told me I’d get better soonest.
If I drop off my sweater this afternoon, what’s the soonest you can have it ready? (스웨터를 맡긴 시점부터 최대한 빠른)
Next Monday is the soonest we can deliver. (현재시점부터 봤을 때,)
- Percent vs. Percentage
1) Percent: 숫자뒤에 쓰이며 복수 불가
The crime rate in the United States rises four hundred percent.
2) Percentage : 숫자 뒤에 사용불가. 백분율의 의미. 보통 형용사+percentage
The US is shouldering an enormous percentage of the financial burden.
- Before vs. Ago
1) Before: 과거와 비교된 과거 표현
I washed my face and hands before I came.
2) Ago: 현재와 비교된 과거 표현
That meat was fresh two days ago.
- Around vs. Round
1) Around: 전치사. “둘레에, 사방에”
Satellites are placed in an orbital region around Earth.
2) Round: 형용사 – “둥근 모양의”. 명사- (탄약의) 1발”
His round eyes grew rounder. 형용사로 사용
They fired hundreds of rounds of ammunition. 명사로 사용
- Near vs. Nearly vs. Nearby
1) Near: 전치사- “공간적으로” 근처에. 형용사-“시간적으로 가까운”
Annie is hitchhiking near a bridge. 공간적으로 근처에
David will visit L.A in the near future. 시간적으로 가까운.. 형용사로 사용
2) Nearly: 부사 – 거의 = Almost
The Garden runs nearly half a mile straight across.
3) Nearby: 부사 “가까이”. 형용사 – (공간적으로) 가까운”
She gets in bed and puts the candle nearby. 부사로 “가까이”
He took his shirt from a nearby tree branch. 형용사로 “가까운”